The Greek word used in that passage (Matthew 16:18) is ekklÃªsia, which means simply "congregation," a term Jews often applied to their own faith communities (e.g. the word appears in reference to Jewish congregations all throughout the Greek translation of Deuteronomy, for example). That statement from Jesus, however, does only make sense if indeed Jesus intended to found a new faith community of Jews. More likely the statement was invented after the fact and only attributed to Jesus to justify the church hierarchy then arising.
Jesus is reported to have said of Peter something like you are the rock upon whom I will build my church. How does 'church' make sense to 1st century Jews? If Jesus the Jew never intended to establish a new religion, why church and not temple?
The Atheist Perspective
What about Heaven? Please describe Heaven.
According to the Qur'an, was Moses' sister Miriam (c1450 BCE) also Mary the mother of Jesus (c4 BCE)?
Clearly bible was written by homo-sapiens. who are we to say that bible was not written by some dude in his/her free time describing why the universe is the way it is, thus creating this fictional dude in heaven. All this could be science fiction
How is the trinity monotheistic?
Answers: Muslim, Atheist, Christian
Re: your answer to my question "Should homosexuals be executed?". There is a clear conflict with Matt 7:1 and Rom 12:19. Discuss.
Atheist Humanism: A Very Short Introduction Stephen Law Atheist Sense and Goodness Without God: A Defense of Metaphysical Naturalism Richard Carrier Atheist God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything Christopher Hitchens Atheist The God Delusion Richard Dawkins Atheist Proving History: Bayes's Theorem and the Quest for the Historical Jesus Richard Carrier Atheist Not the Impossible Faith Richard Carrier Atheist Hitler Homer Bible Christ: The Historical Papers of Richard Carrier 1995-2013 Richard Carrier Atheist The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason Sam Harris