The Greek word used in that passage (Matthew 16:18) is ekklÃªsia, which means simply "congregation," a term Jews often applied to their own faith communities (e.g. the word appears in reference to Jewish congregations all throughout the Greek translation of Deuteronomy, for example). That statement from Jesus, however, does only make sense if indeed Jesus intended to found a new faith community of Jews. More likely the statement was invented after the fact and only attributed to Jesus to justify the church hierarchy then arising.
Jesus is reported to have said of Peter something like you are the rock upon whom I will build my church. How does 'church' make sense to 1st century Jews? If Jesus the Jew never intended to establish a new religion, why church and not temple?
The Atheist Perspective
Why did your omniscient and omnipotent god think it was a good idea to use a BOOK to relay his vitally important message to mankind?
Mr. McCabe, you said "The three persons of the trinity have three distinct roles" , and "There is only One God". Is this a contradiction?
Isaiah 7:20 says the Lord is going to be a barber and shave the hair off our legs. Is there any reason for this random stuff?
Does your religion or worldview address gender differences regarding: expectations, roles, limitations (or does it)?
Answers: Atheist, Christian
You say god cannot lie? He said that Adam and Eve would die if they ate from the 'Tree'.. yet they did not die. He said nothing about sin, he said that they would die.
Answers: Muslim, Christian
Atheist Hitler Homer Bible Christ: The Historical Papers of Richard Carrier 1995-2013 Richard Carrier Atheist Proving History: Bayes's Theorem and the Quest for the Historical Jesus Richard Carrier Atheist The God Delusion Richard Dawkins Atheist Why I Am Not a Christian: Four Conclusive Reasons to Reject the Faith Richard Carrier Atheist Sense and Goodness Without God: A Defense of Metaphysical Naturalism Richard Carrier Atheist Atheism: A Philosophical Justification Michael Martin Atheist God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything Christopher Hitchens Atheist Humanism: A Very Short Introduction Stephen Law